Restoration of Tile, Stone, Concrete, Carpet Floors for Coachella, Palm Springs, Cathedral City, Rancho Mirage, Palm Desert, Indian Wells, La Quinta, Indio and for the rest of the Coachella Valley.
Common Types of Natural Stone and Ceramic Tile Flooring:
Agglomerates: Pieces of
marble are mixed together with resins to
form a block slab, which is then cut and
finished. Agglomerates look like natural
stone, and come in a variety of colors.
|Black Marble: Such as Negro Marquina. This is a very soft limestone often mistaken as a marble. Not recommended for interior flooring. Never use a crystallizer on black marble – The stone will blister or spall! If honing or polishing, use extreme care not to leave swirls and do not run until the powder has dried. Check frequently – polishes very quickly!|
|Cultured or Faux Marble: A mix of resins and powdered marble or granite with a gel coat on the surface to look like marble.|
Fritztile: Marble and granite
resilient terrazzo floor tile. Marble
chips are ground and polished, embedded
in a resilient thermoset resin-matrix.
Cleaning at a high pH will strip the
Granite: Very dense,
hard and brittle granite stands up well
against heavy foot traffic, making it
preferable for commercial lobbies and
walkways. True granite is the hardest of
the polished stones commercially
available and is used in high stress
situations. Resistant to most chemicals,
except for oils, which can permeate the
stone, granite is also ideal for
counters and bar tops. Composed of
quartz and feldspar. Should be sealed
with an oil-repellant penetrating sealer
to prevent staining and reduce soiling.
Flamed granite surfaces are very
absorbent due to the stress fractures in
the stone caused by the flaming process
and should be sealed to maintain the
original color and appearance of the
stone over time. Do not try to polish or
hone. NOTE: Some stone marked and sold
as “granite” are marble instead - always
do an acid resistance test to confirm.
Some granite is dyed! Not etched by most
acids, but can be etched by hydrofluoric
Marble: Available in a
wide range of colors, marble is often
used for its beauty, but is more porous,
softer, and chemically sensitive than
granite. Marble surfaces show wear
sooner than granite, but can be restored
with honing and polishing more easily.
Etched by acids, including soft drinks.
Absorbs oils and other liquids and is
easily stained. Composed of Calcite and
Calcium Carbonate. Should be sealed with
a penetrating sealer to prevent staining
and reduce soiling. Should only be
cleaned with neutral pH detergents.
Limestone: Many older
buildings have durable limestone
flooring. This is the chalky porous type
typical of most French and Spanish
limestone. Etched by acids, including
soft drinks. Absorbs oils and other
liquids and is more easily stained than
marble. Composed of Calcite and some
Magnesium. Common colors are black,
gray, white, yellow and brown. Has a
smooth granular surface. Varies in
hardness. Should be sealed with a
penetrating sealer to prevent staining
and reduce soiling. Should only be
cleaned with neutral pH detergents.
word Terra-cotta comes from Italian
terra, ’earth’, and cotta, ’cooked’ - a
hard-baked, brownish red earthen ware,
often glazed and colored. Usually
hand-made and varies in color, texture
and appearance. May come prefinished or
require application of various types of
sealers or coatings on site to provide a
wearing surface. May crumble or show
wear quickly unless sealed and laid on
water proof layer. Terra Cotta should
never be installed in a high-traffic
area. Saltillo is often custom colored
with a stain that can wear off or be
harmed. Saltillo is very porous and is
sun dried instead of fire-hardened like
ceramic tiles. Efflorescence is common
with saltillo tile. Efflorescence is the
wicking up of salts within the tiles
when unfinished tile gets wet.
Porcelain tile is an unglazed ceramic
tile that is generally made from a
composition which results in a tile that
is dense, impervious, fine grained and
smooth, with a sharply formed face.
Porcelain tile is available in matte,
unglazed or a high polished finish. Same
hard fired material and color all
through the body.
|Quarry Tile: A glazed or unglazed tile made by the extrusion process from natural clay or shale. This tile is most common in the dark red shades; however, shades of brown and gray are also available. Same hard fired material and color all through the body.|
|Sandstone is a formation of quartz grains. Should be sealed and regularly maintained because it so easily absorbs stains.|
Slate: A very dense,
but soft and easily scratched material
with low porosity, slate can be used
effectively outdoors as well as indoors.
Excellent exterior paving stone. Higher
absorbency varieties are not suitable
for exterior areas in freezing climates.
Composition: Mainly grains of mica and
quartz, plus smaller amounts of
chlorite, hematite, and other minerals.
Most slate is gray to black, but the
rock may be red or purple, depending on
its mineral content. The surface of
slate is generally uneven and cleft
planes can spall, due to the cleaving of
the stone along its layers. Has low to
medium absorption of oils and other
liquids. Should be sealed with an
oil-repellant penetrating sealer to
prevent staining and reduce soiling.
also known as steatite, is a metamorphic
rock. It tends to be a very soft rock.
There are two different kinds of stone,
popularly called soapstone: Talc, which
is a softer stone, used for carvings,
and Steatite, which is harder than Talc,
used for countertops, fireplaces, ovens
is not a rock, but a group of minerals
composed primarily of hydrated magnesium
silicate that is green, yellow, or brown
in color. It gets its name due to the
resemblance to a serpent’s skin. Many
so-called green marbles are actually
serpentines, not marbles. Pure
serpentine is not acid sensitive,
therefore there is no etching. Be
careful here - not all greens are pure
serpentine. Some lighter greens, like
Spring Green, have some carbonate mixed
in, and will react to acid. Also, there
are greens that are true marbles such as
Verde Antigua and Cippolino. Very
sensitive to water - must be set in
epoxy or waterless setting mortars to
prevent warping. Will develop small
white spalls from salt deposits. Do not
try to polish or hone.
Terrazzo: Terrazzo is a type of
agglomerate flooring and should be
treated as marble in a maintenance
program. Etched by acids. Terrazzo does
not need protection from wear - it needs
protection from absorption and stains. A
water based impregnator should be
applied soon after honing and/or
polishing. The impregnator is absorbed
into the cement matrix, sealing its
pores. It is important that the terrazzo
is cleaned before the sealer is applied.
Terrazzo floors should be cleaned only
with a neutral pH cleaner. Detailed
information on terrazzo is available at
(National Terrazzo and Mosaic
|Terrazzo Tile: Pre-manufactured consisting of marble or granite chips in a portland cement or epoxy matrix in various thicknesses and sizes.||
Travertine: A type of
limestone, travertine can be left in its
natural state, with no polishing. Etched
by acids. Porous with many visible
holes, often filled with epoxy.
Polishing unfilled travertine can be
tricky. Polishing powders tend to
accumulate in the holes and can make
Please contact us for a free inspection and professional quotation.